The five main police organizations in Portugal are the Guarda Nacional Republicana (GNR), Public Security Police (PSP), the Immigration and Borders Service (SEF), Judicial Police and ASAE. The first three of these come under the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Judicial Police under the Ministry of Justice.
The National Republican Guard (Portuguese: Guarda Nacional Republicana) or GNR is the national gendarmerie force of Portugal.The first reference to national police institutions came in 1383, with the Quadrilheiros Corps, formally instituted by King D. Fernando, during the dynastic crisis in which Constable D. Nuno Álvares Pereira stood out. During the war, the medieval Quadrilheiros were constituted as military guards with the mission of collecting and distributing the loot, defending the "square" (portion) of the walls, imprisoning enemies and malefactors and other tasks under the tutelage of the Constable. After the wars with Castile, they went to dependence on the local authorities, ensuring patrols and patrols in the neighborhoods of the city of Lisbon, and later, of Porto. On March 15, 1521, it was foreseen to be constituted in all cities, towns and places, to arrest the wrongdoers and bring them before the Corregidor or Judge of Crime.
Members of the GNR are military personnel, subject to military law and organisation, The GNR is responsible for the preventive police and highway patrol in the countryside and small towns of Mainland Portugal (large urban centers and all the Portuguese islands territory being patrolled by the PSP). At national level, GNR also has duties of customs enforcement, coastal control, nature protection, search and rescue operations and state ceremonial guards of honor.
Since the 2000s, the GNR has provided detachments for participation in international operations in Iraq, East Timor and other theatres
COMMANDS AND UNITS
The territorial command is responsible for fulfilling the Guard's mission in the area of responsibility assigned to it, under the direct dependence of the Commander-General.
In the Autonomous Regions of the Azores and Madeira, territorial commands are headquartered in Ponta Delgada and Funchal
Territorial commands are commanded by a colonel or lieutenant colonel, assisted by a 2nd commander.
The operational subunits of the territorial commands are the detachments, which are articulated locally in sub-stations or posts.
The command of detachments and their subunits is exercised by a commander, assisted by an assistant.
The detachment is commanded by a major or captain, the sub-detachment by a junior officer and the post by a sergeant.
Coastal Control Unit
The UCC is the specialized unit responsible for fulfilling the Guard's mission over the entire length of the coast and in the territorial sea, with specific powers of surveillance, patrolling and intercepting land or sea throughout the coast and territorial sea of the continent and the Autonomous Regions, it is also responsible for managing and operating the Integrated Surveillance, Command and Control System (SIVICC), distributed along the seafront.
The UCC is made up of detachments.
The UCC commander has the rank of major general or, when the nominee is a naval officer, a rear admiral, and is assisted by a second commander.
Fiscal Action Unit
The UAF is a specialized national unit with specific investigative competence for the fulfillment of the tax, fiscal and customs mission committed to Guarda.
The UAF is articulated in fiscal action detachments and a national research detachment.
The UAF is commanded by a colonel, assisted by a 2nd commander.
National Traffic Unit
UNT is the specialized unit, within the scope of traffic inspection, ordering and discipline, responsible for the standardization of procedures and the continuous training of the military.
When justified, UNT may carry out, directly and exceptionally, special inspection actions in any part of the national territory covered by the territorial competence of the National Republican Guard, without prejudice to the competences of the respective territorial units.
UNT is commanded by a colonel, assisted by a 2nd commander and its device will be defined by ordinance.
State Security and Honors Unit
The USHE is a representation unit responsible for the protection and security of the premises of the organs of sovereignty and other entities entrusted to it and for the provision of state honors.
The USHE is divided into a Presidential Squadron, a subunit of State honors and a subunit of security.
The USHE also includes Charanga a Cavalo and Banda da Guarda.
The USHE is commanded by a major general, assisted by a 2nd Commander.
The UI is a Guarda unit specially dedicated to the maintenance and restoration of public order missions, resolution and management of critical incidents, tactical intervention in situations of concerted violence and of high danger, complexity and risk, security of sensitive and large installations events, explosives inactivation, protection and relief and readiness and deployment of forces for international missions.
The UI is articulated in subunits of public order, special operations, protection and assistance and kinotechnics.
The UI also includes the Explosives Inactivation and Underground Security Center (CIESS) and the Training and Readiness Center for International Missions (CTAFMI).
By order of the supervising minister, IU forces can be highlighted or placed permanently in the organic dependence of territorial commands.
The UI is commanded by a major general, assisted by a 2nd commander.
EG is a unit especially dedicated to the moral, cultural, physical, military and technical-professional training of the military in Guarda and also for updating, specializing and valuing their knowledge.
EG also collaborates in the training of elements from other entities, national and foreign.
EG is commanded by a major-general, assisted by a 2nd commander.
The EG commander depends directly on the commander general.
The creation and extinction of training centers are approved by order of the supervising minister.
Calçada do Combro 96, 1200-115 Lisboa
Phone: 21 325 2500
The Public Security Police, known as PSP was formed in 1867. Its overall responsibilities are ensuring democratic legality, safeguarding internal security and the rights of its citizens in accordance with the constitution and laws of Portugal. The PSP is commanded by a National Director responsible to the Minister of Internal Affairs.
For policing the majority of Lisbon (Portugal’s capital city) is under the jurisdiction of the PSP Lisbon Metropolitan Command. Apart from its headquarters, the Command comprises a number of specialised divisions covering criminal investigation, traffic, and security installations. The land area is divided into five divisions that cover the central part of Lisbon as well as six divisions covering the outer areas, namely: Amadora, Loures, Vila Franca de Xira (town only), Oeiras, Cascais and the central part of Sintra.
The Polícia de Segurança Pública (PSP; Public Security Police) is the national civil preventive police force of Portugal. Part of the Portuguese security forces, the mission of the PSP is to defend Republican democracy, safeguarding internal security and the rights of its citizens. Despite many other functions, the force is generally known for policing urban areas with uniformed police officers, while rural areas are normally policed by National Republican Guard (GNR), a gendarmerie force. PSP is focused in the preventive policing, only investigating minor crimes. Investigation of serious crimes falls under the Judicial Police responsibility, which is a separate agency.
Areas of action of the PSP
Prevent crime and the practice of other acts contrary to the Law and Regulations;
Prevent organized crime and terrorism, in coordination with other security forces and services;
Ensuring the safety of People and their assets;
Guarantee road safety, namely through traffic planning, inspection and regularization;
Ensure safety in sports and similar shows;
Pursue the duties assigned to it by the Law in matters of criminal procedure;
Collect news of crimes, discover their agents, prevent the consequences of crimes and practice other related acts;
Ensure the maintenance of order, security and public tranquility.
Rua da Artilharia 1, n.º 21, 4th floor, 1269-003 Lisboa
Phone: +351 21 370 39 90
Fax: +351 21 387 47 70
The Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras - SEF (English: Foreigners and Borders Service) is a police service integrated into the Ministry of Internal Affairs, whose mission is to enforce immigration and asylum in Portugal, in accordance with the provisions of constitutional, legal and governmental guidelines.Among other duties, SEF is the agency responsible for border control and the issuing of residence permits to foreign nationals legally residing in Portugal.
By decree of King Carlos I on August 29, 1893, the Civil Police of Lisbon (Corpo de Polícia Civil de Lisboa) were divided into three sections, one of which was the Administrative Inspection Police, which, among other duties, was responsible for the monitoring of foreigners with Portugal.
Headquartered in Lisbon, the SEF is headed by a director general, including central and decentralised services.
Asylum and Refugees, Documentation, Communication and Public Relations, Juridical and International Relations and Cooperation;
Central Directorates: Border, Management and Administration, Immigration, Control and Documentary, Information Technology and Research, Research and Information Analysis;
Autonomous departments: Nationality, Operations and Planning and Training.
Regional Directorates: Lisbon and Tagus Valley, Alentejo, North, Algarve, Beira, Madeira and Azores;
Delegations, border posts and mixed posts, depending on the regional directorates. The mixed posts, located on the Portuguese-Spanish border, are joint units garrisoned by police officers from Portugal and Spain.
Telephone (for landline): (+351) 808 202 653
Telephone (for mobile network): (+351) 808 962 690
Fax: (+351) 214 236 640
Hours: 8:00 - 20:00 (working days)
The Judicial Police is under the Ministry of Justice and is geographically divided in four areas known as “Boards”. Its Headquarters is in Lisbon. The powers of the Judicial Police for criminal investigation are set out in particular in arts.
The Judicial Police was created on 20 October 1945, through publication of Decree No. 35042, dedicated to the prevention and investigation of crime, based on the investigative mechanisms, grounded in science and law, of the new Code of Criminal Procedure which was approved seven days before, by Decree 35007, 13 October.
Competence of the Judicial Police regarding responsibility for criminal investigation, includes:
First-degree murder, provided that murderer is unknown
Slavery, abduction, kidnapping and hostage taking;
Counterfeit currency, securities, stamps and other similar securities;
Hijacking, sea air or land;
Trafficking of influence, corruption, embezzlement and participation for economic business;
Terrorists and terrorist organizations;
Misconduct and abuse of power practiced by holders of political office;
Bank robbery, offices of Finance Public and couriers;
Forgery of driving licenses, registration documents, ID documents and other official documents;
Trafficking in persons and serious drug trafficking cases;
Cases involving the use of firearms.
Terrorist organisations and terrorism
211 967 000
21 196 7000
Tel - 24hrs:211 967 222
Address:Rua Gomes Freire, 174, 1169-007 Lisboa
Northern Board: 225 088 644 Center Board: 239 828 130
Lisbon and Tagus Valley Board: 211 967 222 Southern Board: 289 804 591
Braga DIC: 253 275 774 Guarda DIC: 271 216 601/02
Aveiro DIC: 234 376 022 Leiria DIC: 244 845 222
Setúbal DIC: 265 234 823 Portimão DIC: 282 427 671
Azores DIC: 296 206 422 Madeira DIC: 291 220 800
The Autoridade de Segurança Alimentar e Económica - ASAE is a specialized authority responsible for food safety and economic surveillance in Portugal. ASAE is a national authority, with administrative autonomy, that acts as a police and law enforcement body
ASAE's mission is to monitor and prevent compliance with the regulatory legislation governing the exercise of economic activities, in the food and non-food sectors, as well as the assessment and communication of risks in the food chain, being the national liaison body with its similar entities. at European and international level.ASAE is governed by the principles of scientific independence, precaution, credibility and transparency and confidentiality.
Rua Rodrigo da Fonseca, nº 73
Tel. 217 983 600
Fax: 217 983 654
Department of Food and Laboratory Risks (DRAL)
Building F - Estrada do Paço do Lumiar
Tel. 217 108 400
Fax 217 108 448/217 983 676
Customer Service: Monday to Friday - 9 am to 12 pm and from 2 pm to 5 pm
Treasury: Monday to Friday - 9:30 am to 4:30 pm
Administrative Offenses Management Division: Monday to Friday - 9:30 am to 12:30 pm and from 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm
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